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Title: Section 304  •  Size: 11488

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SECTION 304 - REQUIREMENTS FOR GROUP B OCCUPANCIES

304.1 Group B Occupancies Defined.

Group B Occupancies shall include buildings, structures, or portions thereof, for office, professional or service-type transactions, which are not classified as Group H Occupancies. Such occupancies include occupancies for the storage of records and accounts, and eating and drinking establishments with an occupant load of less than 50. Business occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Animal hospitals, kennels, pounds.

2. Automobile and other motor vehicle showrooms.

3. Banks.

4. Barber shops.

5. Beauty shops.

6. Car washes.

7. Civic administration.

8. Outpatient clinic and medical offices (where five or less patients in a tenant space are incapable of unassisted self-preservation).

9. Dry cleaning pick-up and delivery stations and self-service.

10. Educational occupancies above the 12th grade.

11. Electronic data processing.

12. Fire stations.

13. Florists and nurseries.

14. Laboratories-testing and research.

15. Laundry pick-up and delivery stations and self-service.

16. Police stations.

17. Post offices.

18. Print shops.

19. Professional services such as attorney, dentist, physician, engineer.

20. Radio and television stations.

21. Telephone exchanges.

For occupancy separations, see Table 3-B.

304.2 Construction, Height and Allowable Area.

304.2.1 General. Buildings or parts of buildings classed as Group B Occupancies because of the use or character of the occupancy shall be limited to the types of construction set forth in Table 5-B. Such occupancies shall not exceed, in area or height, the limits specified in Sections 504, 505 and 506 and shall comply with the provisions of this section.

304.2.2 Special provisions.

304.2.2.1 Laboratories and vocational shops. Laboratories and vocational shops in buildings used for educational purposes, and similar areas containing hazardous materials, shall be separated from each other and other portions of the building by not less than a one-hour fire-resistive occupancy separation. When the quantities of hazardous materials in such uses do not exceed those listed in Table 3-D or 3-E, the requirements of Sections 307.5 and 307.8 shall apply. When the quantities of hazardous materials in such uses exceed those listed in Table 3-D or 3-E, the use shall be classified as the appropriate Group H Occupancy.

Occupants in laboratories having an area in excess of 200 square feet (18.6 m²) shall have access to at least two exits from the room and all portions of the room shall be within 75 feet (22 860 mm) of an exit.

304.2.2.2 Amusement buildings. Amusement buildings with an occupant load of less than 50 shall comply with Section 408.

304.3 Location on Property. For fire-resistive protection of exterior walls and openings, as determined by location on property, see Section 503 and Chapter 6.

304.4 Access and Exit Facilities. Exits shall be provided as specified in Chapter 10. See also Section 304.2.2.1 for exits from laboratories.

Access to, and egress from, buildings required to be accessible shall be provided as specified in Chapter 11.

304.5 Light, Ventilation and Sanitation. Light, ventilation and sanitation shall be in accordance with Chapters 12 and 29 and this section.

304.5.1 Ventilation of flammable vapors. See Section 1202.2.2 for ventilation of flammable vapors.

304.5.2 Sanitation. The number of plumbing fixtures shall not be less than specified in Section 2902.3.

304.6 Shaft and Exit Enclosures. Exits shall be enclosed as specified in Chapter 10.

Elevator shafts, vent shafts and other openings through floors shall be enclosed, and the enclosure shall be as specified in Section 711.

In buildings housing Group B Occupancies equipped with automatic sprinkler systems throughout, enclosures need not be provided for escalators where the top of the escalator opening at each story is provided with a draft curtain and automatic fire sprinklers are installed around the perimeter of the opening within 2 feet (610 mm) of the draft curtain. The draft curtain shall enclose the perimeter of the unenclosed opening and extend from the ceiling downward at least 12 inches (305 mm) on all sides. The spacing between sprinklers shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm).

304.7 Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems. When required by Section 904.2.1 or other provisions of this code, automatic sprinkler systems and standpipes shall be installed as specified in Chapter 9.

304.8 Special Hazards. Chimneys and heating apparatus shall conform to the requirements of Chapter 31 of this code and the Mechanical Code.

Storage and use of flammable and combustible liquids shall be in accordance with the Fire Code.

Devices generating a glow, spark or flame capable of igniting flammable vapors shall be installed such that sources of ignition are at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor of any room in which Class I flammable liquids or flammable gases are used or stored.

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