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Title: Section 1103  •  Size: 19390

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SECTION 1103 - BUILDING ACCESSIBILITY

1103.1 Where Required.

1103.1.1 General. Accessibility to temporary or permanent buildings, or portions thereof, shall be provided for all occupancy classifications except as modified by this chapter. See also Appendix Chapter 11.

EXCEPTIONS: 1. Floors or portions of floors not customarily occupied, including, but not limited to, elevator pits; observation galleries used primarily for security purposes; elevator penthouses; nonoccupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces or freight elevators; piping and equipment catwalks; and machinery, mechanical and electrical equipment rooms.

2. Subject to the approval of the building official, areas where work cannot reasonably be performed by persons having a severe impairment (mobility, sight or hearing) need not have specific features which provide accessibility to such persons.

3. Temporary structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the construction process such as construction site trailers, scaffolding, bridging or material hoists are not required to be accessible. This exception does not include walkways or pedestrian protection required by Chapter 30.

1103.1.2 Group A Occupancies.

1103.1.2.1 General. Group A Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter.

EXCEPTION: In the assembly area of dining and drinking establishments which are located within nonelevator buildings, when the area of mezzanine seating is not more than 25 percent of the total seating, an accessible means of vertical access to the mezzanine is not required, provided the same services are provided in an accessible space.

Stadiums, theaters, auditoriums and similar occupancies shall be provided with wheelchair spaces in accordance with Table 11-A. Removable seats shall be permitted in the wheelchair positions.

When the seating capacity of an individual assembly area exceeds 300, wheelchair spaces shall be provided in more than one location and shall be on an accessible route of travel. Dispersion of wheelchair spaces shall be based on the availability of accessible routes to various seating areas, including seating at various levels in multilevel facilities. Services provided in inaccessible areas shall also be provided on an accessible level and shall be accessible.

1103.1.2.2 Assistive listening systems. Assistive listening systems complying with CABO/ANSI A117.1 shall be installed in stadiums, theaters, auditoriums, lecture halls and similar areas when these areas have fixed seats and where audible communications are integral to the use of the space as follows:

1. Areas with an occupant load of 50 or more.

2. Areas where an audio-amplification system is installed.

Receivers for assistive listening systems shall be provided at a rate of 4 percent of the total number of seats, but in no case less than two receivers.

Stadiums, theaters, auditoriums, lecture halls and similar areas not equipped with an audio-amplification system or having an occupant load of less than 50 shall have a permanently installed assistive listening system, or shall have electrical outlets or other supplementary wiring necessary to support a portable assistive listening system.

Signage shall be installed to notify patrons of the availability of the listening system.

1103.1.3 Group B Occupancies. Group B Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter. Assembly spaces in Group B Occupancies shall comply with Section 1103.1.2.2.

1103.1.4 Group E Occupancies. Group E Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter. Assembly spaces in Group E Occupancies shall comply with Section 1103.1.2.2.

1103.1.5 Group F Occupancies. Group F Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter.

1103.1.6 Group H Occupancies. Group H Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter.

1103.1.7 Group I Occupancies. Group I Occupancies shall be accessible in public-use, common-use and employee-use areas, and shall have accessible patient rooms, cells and treatment or examination rooms as follows:

1. In Group I, Division 1.1 patient-care units within hospitals which specialize in treating conditions that affect mobility, all patient rooms, including associated toilet rooms and bathrooms.

2. In Group I, Division 1.1 patient-care units within hospitals that do not specialize in treating conditions that affect mobility, at least one in every 10 patient rooms, or fraction thereof, including associated toilet rooms and bathrooms.

3. In Group I, Divisions 1.1 and 2 nursing homes and long-term care facilities, at least one in every two patient rooms, or fraction thereof, including associated toilet rooms and bathrooms.

4. In Group I, Division 3 mental health occupancies, at least one in every 10 patient rooms, or fraction thereof, including associated toilet rooms and bathrooms.

5. In Group I, Division 3 jail, prison and similar occupancies, at least one in every 20 rooms or cells, or fraction thereof, including associated toilet rooms and bathrooms.

6. In Group I Occupancies, all treatment and examination rooms shall be accessible.

1103.1.8 Group M Occupancies. Group M Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter. Assembly spaces in Group M Occupancies shall comply with Section 1103.1.2.2.

1103.1.9 Group R Occupancies.

1103.1.9.1 General. Group R Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter.

When accessible dwelling units, guest and sleeping rooms are required, public- and common-use areas and facilities such as recreational facilities, laundry facilities, garbage and recycling collection areas, mailbox locations, lobbies, foyers and management offices shall be accessible.

EXCEPTION: When recreational facilities are provided accessory to accessible dwelling units, only 25 percent of recreational facilities need be accessible, provided not less than one of each type in each group of such facilities shall be accessible. All recreational facilities of each type on a site shall be considered in determining the total number of each type which are required to be accessible.

1103.1.9.2 Apartment houses. In apartment houses containing more than 20 dwelling units, at least 2 percent, but not less than one, of the dwelling units shall be accessible. All dwelling units on a site shall be considered to determine the total number of accessible dwelling units.

EXCEPTIONS: 1. Dwelling units required to be accessible may be adaptable dwelling units.

2. Dwelling units with two or more stories in a nonelevator building need not be accessible.

1103.1.9.3 Hotels and lodging houses. In hotels and lodging houses containing six or more guest rooms, one of the first 30 guest rooms and one additional guest room for each additional 100 guest rooms, or fraction thereof, shall be accessible. Bathing, toilet and other facilities accessory to an accessible guest room shall be accessible. In hotels with 51 or more guest rooms, 50 percent, but not less than one, of the accessible guest rooms shall have a roll-in shower.

In addition to the accessible guest rooms required above, guest rooms for persons with hearing impairments shall be provided in accordance with Table 11-B. Guest rooms for persons with hearing impairments shall be provided with visible and audible alarm-indicating appliances, activated by both the in-room smoke detector and the building fire-protective signaling system.

1103.1.9.4 Congregate residences. In congregate residences with more than 20 occupants, at least 2 percent, but in no case less than one, of the sleeping rooms shall be accessible.

1103.1.10 Group S Occupancies. Group S Occupancies shall be accessible as provided in this chapter.

1103.1.11 Group U Occupancies. Group U, Division 1 Occupancies shall be accessible as follows:

1. Private garages and carports which contain accessible parking.

2. In Group U, Division 1 agricultural buildings, access need be provided only to paved work areas and areas open to the general public.

1103.2 Design and Construction.

1103.2.1 General. When accessibility is required by this chapter, it shall be designed and constructed in accordance with this chapter and CABO/ANSI A117.1.

1103.2.2 Accessible route. When a building, or portion of a building, is required to be accessible, an accessible route shall be provided to all portions of the building, to accessible building entrances, connecting accessible pedestrian walkways and the public way.

EXCEPTION: In other than the offices of health-care providers, transportation facilities and airports, multitenant Group M retail and wholesale occupancies, floors above and below accessible levels that have an aggregate area of not more than 3,000 square feet (278.7 ) and an aggregate occupant load of not more than 50 need not be served by an accessible route from an accessible level.

When floor levels are required to be connected by an accessible route, and an interior path of travel is provided between the levels, an interior accessible route between the levels shall be provided. When only one accessible route is provided it shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, toilet rooms, bathrooms, closets or other similar spaces.

EXCEPTION: A single accessible route may pass through a kitchen or storage room in an accessible or adaptable dwelling unit.

When more than one building or facility is located on a site, accessible routes shall be provided connecting accessible buildings and accessible site facilities.

EXCEPTION: For Group R, Division 1 apartment occupancies, when the slope of the finished grade between accessible buildings and facilities exceeds 1 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8.33% slope), or when physical barriers of the site prevent the installation of an accessible route, a vehicular route with parking at each accessible building or facility may be provided in place of an accessible route.

1103.2.3 Accessible entrances. Each building and structure, and each separate tenancy within a building or structure, shall be provided with at least one entrance which complies with the accessible route provisions of CABO/ANSI A117.1. At least 50 percent of all entrances shall be accessible.

EXCEPTION: Entrances used exclusively for loading and service.

When a building or facility has entrances which normally serve accessible parking facilities, transportation facilities, passenger loading zones, taxi stands, public streets and sidewalks, or accessible interior vertical access, then at least one of the entrances serving each such function shall comply with the accessible route provisions of CABO/ANSI A117.1.

1103.2.4 Signs.

1103.2.4.1 International symbol of accessibility. The following elements and spaces of accessible facilities shall be identified by the international symbol of accessibility:

1. Accessible parking spaces, except where the total parking spaces provided are five or less.

2. Accessible areas of refuge.

3. Accessible passenger loading zones.

4. Accessible toilet and bathing facilities.

1103.2.4.2 Other signs. Inaccessible building entrances, inaccessible public toilets and bathing facilities, and elevators not on an accessible route shall be provided with directional signage indicating the route to the nearest similar accessible element.

In assembly areas, a sign notifying the general public of the availability of assistive listening systems shall be provided at ticket offices or similar locations.

Each door to an exit stairway shall have a tactile sign, including raised letters and Braille, stating EXIT and shall comply with CABO/ANSI A117.1.

At exits and elevators serving a required accessible space, but not providing an approved accessible means of egress, signs shall be installed indicating the location of accessible means of egress.

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