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Title: Section 1202  •  Size: 11856

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SECTION 1202 - LIGHT AND VENTILATION IN GROUPS A, B, E, F, H, I, M AND S OCCUPANCIES

1202.1 Light. All enclosed portions of Groups A, B, E, F, H, I, M and S Occupancies customarily occupied by human beings shall be provided with natural light by means of exterior glazed openings with an area not less than one tenth of the total floor area, or shall be provided with artificial light. Such exterior openings shall open directly onto a public way or a yard or court as set forth in Section 1203.4. See Section 1012 for required exit illumination.

1202.2 Ventilation.

1202.2.1 General. All enclosed portions of Groups A, B, E, F, H, I, M and S Occupancies customarily occupied by human beings shall be provided with natural ventilation by means of openable exterior openings with an area not less than 1/20 of the total floor area or shall be provided with a mechanically operated ventilation system. Such exterior openings shall open directly onto a public way or a yard or court as set forth in Section 1203.4. Such mechanically operated ventilation system shall be capable of supplying a minimum of 15 cubic feet per minute (7 L/s) of outside air per occupant in all portions of the building during such time as the building is occupied. If the velocity of the air at a register exceeds 10 feet per second (3 m/s), the register shall be placed more than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the floor directly beneath.

Toilet rooms shall be provided with a fully openable exterior window with an area not less than 3 square feet (0.279 ), or a vertical duct not less than 100 square inches (64 516 ) in area for the first water closet plus 50 square inches (32 258 ) additional of area for each additional water closet, or a mechanically operated exhaust system capable of providing a complete change of air every 15 minutes. Such mechanically operated exhaust systems shall be connected directly to the outside, and the point of discharge shall be at least 3 feet (914 mm) from any opening which allows air entry into occupied portions of the building.

For ventilation of hazardous vapors or fumes in Group H Occupancies, see Sections 307.5.2 and 1202.2.3 and for Group S, Division 3 Occupancies, see Section 1202.2.7.

1202.2.2 Group B Occupancies. In all buildings classified as Group B Occupancies or portions thereof where Class I, II or III-A liquids are used, a mechanically operated exhaust ventilation shall be provided sufficient to produce six air changes per hour. Such exhaust ventilation shall be taken from a point at or near the floor level.

1202.2.3 Group H Occupancies. Rooms, areas or spaces of Group H Occupancies in which explosive, corrosive, combustible, flammable or highly toxic dusts, mists, fumes, vapors or gases are or may be emitted due to the processing, use, handling or storage of materials shall be mechanically ventilated as required by the Fire Code and the Mechanical Code.

Ducts conveying explosives or flammable vapors, fumes or dusts shall extend directly to the exterior of the building without entering other spaces. Exhaust ducts shall not extend into or through ducts and plenums.

EXCEPTION: Ducts conveying vapor or fumes having flammable constituents less than 25 percent of their lower flammability limit may pass through other spaces.

Emissions generated at work stations shall be confined to the area in which they are generated as specified in the Fire Code and the Mechanical Code.

The location of supply and exhaust openings shall be in accordance with the Mechanical Code. Exhaust air contaminated by highly toxic material shall be treated in accordance with the Fire Code.

A manual shutoff control for ventilation equipment required by this subsection shall be provided outside the room adjacent to the principal access door to the room. The switch shall be of the break-glass type and shall be labeled ``Ventilation System Emergency Shutoff.''

1202.2.4 Group H, Division 4 Occupancies. In all buildings classified as Group H, Division 4 Occupancies used for the repair or handling of motor vehicles operating under their own power, mechanical ventilation shall be provided capable of exhausting a minimum of 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot (5.1 L/s/) of floor area. Each engine repair stall shall be equipped with an exhaust pipe extension duct, extending to the outside of the building, which, if over 10 feet (3048 mm) in length, shall mechanically exhaust 300 cubic feet per minute (141.6 L/s). Connecting offices and waiting rooms shall be supplied with conditioned air under positive pressure.

EXCEPTION: When approved, ventilating equipment may be omitted in repair garages, enclosed heliports and aircraft hangars when well-distributed unobstructed openings to the outer air of sufficient size to supply necessary ventilation are furnished.

1202.2.5 Group H, Division 6 Occupancies. In Group H, Division 6 Occupancies, mechanical ventilation, which may include recirculated air, shall be provided throughout the fabrication area at the rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot (0.044 L/s/) of floor area. The exhaust air duct system of one fabrication area shall not connect to another duct system outside that fabrication area within the building.

Ventilation systems shall comply with the Mechanical Code except that the automatic shutoffs need not be installed on air-moving equipment. However, smoke detectors shall be installed in the circulating airstream and shall initiate a signal at the emergency control station.

Except for exhaust systems, at least one manually operated remote control switch that will shut down the fabrication area ventilation system shall be installed at an approved location outside the fabrication area.

1202.2.6 Group S repair and storage garages and aircraft hangars. In Group S, Division 3 repair garages, storage garages and in Division 5 aircraft hangars, the mechanical ventilating system required by Section 1202.2.1 may be omitted when, in the opinion of the building official, the building is supplied with unobstructed openings to the outer air which are sufficient to provide the necessary ventilation.

1202.2.7 Group S parking garages. In Group S, Division 3 parking garages, other than open parking garages, used for storing or handling automobiles operating under their own power and on loading platforms in bus terminals, ventilation shall be provided capable of exhausting a minimum of 1.5 cubic feet per minute (cfm) per square foot (0.71 L/s) of gross floor area. The building official may approve an alternate ventilation system designed to exhaust a minimum of 14,000 cfm (6608 L/s) for each operating vehicle. Such system shall be based on the anticipated instantaneous movement rate of vehicles, but not less than 2.5 percent (or one vehicle) of the garage capacity. Automatic carbon monoxide-sensing devices may be employed to modulate the ventilation system to maintain a maximum average concentration of carbon monoxide of 50 parts per million during any eight-hour period, with a maximum concentration not greater than 200 parts per million for a period not exceeding one hour. Connecting offices, waiting rooms, ticket booths and similar uses shall be supplied with conditioned air under positive pressure.

EXCEPTION: Mechanical ventilation need not be provided within a Group S, Division 3 parking garage when openings complying with Item 2 of Section 311.9.2.2 are provided.

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