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Title: Section 1807  •  Size: 10101

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SECTION 1807 PILES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1807.1 General. Pile foundations shall be designed and installed on the basis of a foundation investigation as defined in Section 1804 where required by the building official.

The investigation and report provisions of Section 1804 shall be expanded to include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Recommended pile types and installed capacities.

2. Driving criteria.

3. Installation procedures.

4. Field inspection and reporting procedures (to include procedures for verification of the installed bearing capacity where required).

5. Pile load test requirements.

The use of piles not specifically mentioned in this chapter shall be permitted, subject to the approval of the building official upon submission of acceptable test data, calculations or other information relating to the properties and load-carrying capacities of such piles.

1807.2 Interconnection. Individual pile caps and caissons of every structure subjected to seismic forces shall be interconnected by ties. Such ties shall be capable of resisting, in tension or compression, a minimum horizontal force equal to 10 percent of the larger column vertical load.

EXCEPTION: Other approved methods may be used where it can be demonstrated that equivalent restraint can be provided.

1807.3 Determination of Allowable Loads. The allowable axial and lateral loads on piles shall be determined by an approved formula, by load tests or by a foundation investigation.

1807.4 Static Load Tests. When the allowable axial load of a single pile is determined by a load test, one of the following methods shall be used:

Method 1. It shall not exceed 50 percent of the yield point under test load. The yield point shall be defined as that point at which an increase in load produces a disproportionate increase in settlement.

Method 2. It shall not exceed one half of the load which causes a net settlement, after deducting rebound, of 0.01 inch per ton (0.000565 mm/N) of test load which has been applied for a period of at least 24 hours.

Method 3. It shall not exceed one half of that load under which, during a 40-hour period of continuous load application, no additional settlement takes place.

1807.5 Column Action. All piles standing unbraced in air, water or material not capable of lateral support, shall conform with the applicable column formula as specified in this code. Such piles driven into firm ground may be considered fixed and laterally supported at 5 feet (1524 mm) below the ground surface and in soft material at 10 feet (3048 mm) below the ground surface unless otherwise prescribed by the building official after a foundation investigation by an approved agency.

1807.6 Group Action. Consideration shall be given to the reduction of allowable pile load when piles are placed in groups. Where soil conditions make such load reductions advisable or necessary, the allowable axial load determined for a single pile shall be reduced by any rational method or formula approved by the building official.

1807.7 Piles in Subsiding Areas. Where piles are driven through subsiding fills or other subsiding strata and derive support from underlying firmer materials, consideration shall be given to the downward frictional forces which may be imposed on the piles by the subsiding upper strata.

Where the influence of subsiding fills is considered as imposing loads on the pile, the allowable stresses specified in this chapter may be increased if satisfactory substantiating data are submitted.

1807.8 Jetting. Jetting shall not be used except where and as specifically permitted by the building official. When used, jetting shall be carried out in such a manner that the carrying capacity of existing piles and structures shall not be impaired. After withdrawal of the jet, piles shall be driven down until the required resistance is obtained.

1807.9 Protection of Pile Materials. Where the boring records of site conditions indicate possible deleterious action on pile materials because of soil constituents, changing water levels or other factors, such materials shall be adequately protected by methods or processes approved by the building official. The effectiveness of such methods or processes for the particular purpose shall have been thoroughly established by satisfactory service records or other evidence which demonstrates the effectiveness of such protective measures.

1807.10 Allowable Loads. The allowable loads based on soil conditions shall be established in accordance with Section 1807.

EXCEPTION: Any uncased cast-in-place pile may be assumed to develop a frictional resistance equal to one sixth of the bearing value of the soil material at minimum depth as set forth in Table 18-I-A but not to exceed 500 pounds per square foot (24 kPa) unless a greater value is allowed by the building official after a soil investigation as specified in Section 1804 is submitted. Frictional resistance and bearing resistance shall not be assumed to act simultaneously unless recommended after a foundation investigation as specified in Section 1804.

1807.11 Use of Higher Allowable Pile Stresses. Allowable compressive stresses greater than those specified in Section 1808 shall be permitted when substantiating data justifying such higher stresses are submitted to and approved by the building official. Such substantiating data shall include a foundation investigation including a report in accordance with Section 1807.1 by a soils engineer defined as a civil engineer experienced and knowledgeable in the practice of soils engineering.

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